Bird Watching Tour:
Nepal is blessed with a vast array of exceptionally rich bird life with total 886 species recorded which is 9.3% of the world’s population of birds. 80% of total birds population in Nepal depends on the forests and rest others depends with wetlands, grasslands and others area. A total of 43 globally threatened species, 168 nationally threatened species and 19 near threatened species are recorded in Nepal. Spiny Babbler (Turdoides Nipalensis ) is the only endemic bird of Nepal known so far. Nine species of birds are listed under the protected species by Government of Nepal. A diverse topography and climate has resulted in a variety of habitats within the country, Nepal is a paradise for the birdwatcher. From the lowland jungle of the Terai and the birds Koshi Tappu barrage through dense rhododendron and Oak forest of the middle hills to the windswept plateaus of the high Himalaya there is always something to keep one twitching. Birds of the Kathmandu Valley within the Kathmandu Valley alone, over 500 species of birds have been recorded. The surrounding hills offer a varied ecology ranging from primary and secondary forests to rhododendron, oak and pine forests. In addition, the wetlands and open fields inside the Valley make up a diverse habitat for many species of birds. The most popular bird watching spot is the Phulchoki hill, the highest peak on the Valley rim situated 20 km southeast of Kathmandu, with some 265 species recorded to date. The birds have seen here included babblers, warblers, tits, thrushes, minuets, woodpeckers, eagles and many migrant birds. Godavari, at the foot of Phulchoki hill where the Royal Botanical Garden is situated, records over 100 species of birds including the lesser Racket-tailed drongo, Tibetan siskin and the spotted forktail.
Status of Bird in Nepal:
Total species : 886
Globally threatened: 43
Nationally threatened: 168
Summer Migrants: 62
Winter Migrants: 152
Passage migrants: 50
Important of Birds:
Ecological Services: Seed dispersal and germination, pollination, ecosystem / ecological engineering
Consumption: As scavengers, as insectivores, as predators of pest and vermin.
Economic Role: Food value, aesthetic value, employment through bird-ecotourism.
Religious and cultural value.
Scientific : Source of inspiration for modern planes.
The Shivapuri Watershed and Wildlife Reserve: Situated 11 km to the north of Kathmandu, is another exciting location. Naagarjun Royal Forest on Jamacho hill is situated 5 km from Kathmandu on the way to Kakani from Balaju. It delights bird enthusiasts with blue magpies, kalij pheasants, Bonelli? eagles, Great Himalayan barbets and other exotic birds. As for the wetlands in the Valley, the banks of the Manohara river on the way to Bhaktapur, and the Bagmati river, which flows into the Valley from Shivapuri hill and out through Chobhar Gorge, are good places for watching waders and waterfowls. Harbouring 40 species of birds mostly dependent on wetlands, Taudaha, a lake on the way to Dakshinkali, attracts flocks of migrant birds.
Good roads lead to all these places and guides are also available. Accommodation is easy to find in the Valley with a wide range of hotels to suit all pockets.
Some Popular Bird Watching Sites Outside the Kathmandu Valley with Aroma Nepal Treks & Expedition (P.) Ltd.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve:-
As well as other kinds of fauna, the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is renowned for being one of the best locations for birding. Still within Nepal’s sub-tropical Terai belt, this is the smallest (175 sq km) and easternmost reserve in Nepal, just to the northeast of the convergence of the Sapta Koshi and Trijuga Khola rivers. Its situation on the Sapta Koshi floodplain means that the environment of this reserve varies dramatically according to the seasons. During the Monsoon the flow becomes torrential and covers most of the floodplain, while during the dry seasons, many flat, sandy islands are exposed. The habitat is a combination of scrub grassland and deciduous forest, with over 280 species of birds recorded so far, including 20 species of duck, ibises, storks, swamp partridges (Francolinus gularis), herons, egrets, Bengal floricans and many other exotic and migratory waterfowl not found elsewhere in Nepal.
Chitwan National Park:-
Is approximately five hours by road from Kathmandu or a 20 minute flight situated in the Terai region. It is renowned for its array of birds, with over 255 species recorded. There are many species of parakeets. Other birds include Blue-Throat (thrush), Long-tailed Nightjar, Indian Peafowl, Great Barbet, Red-billed Blue Magpie and Tickell, Red-breasted Blue Flycatcher. A two night/three day package, staying at a lodge within the Park, is an ideal way to combine bird watching with other pursuits.
Bardia National Park:–
Bardia is also a popular destination for bird watching situated in the far west of Nepal it is an area of extensive jungle which is covered by sal forest riverine and grass lands. A boat ride on the slow moving expanse of the Karnali River provides plenty of opportunities to view a vast variety of birds including Ruddy Shelduck, Darters, Brahmini Kites, Brown Headed Gulls, Cormorants, Oriental Pied Hornbills, Night Heron & Purple Herons, Cinnaon Bitterns, Orioles and majestic Peacocks.
Bird watching in Trekking Regions of Nepal:- One of the best ways of viewing birds in Nepal is a leisurely trek through the foothills of the Kingdom. There are three main trekking areas in Nepal: the Langtang region six hours by road north of Kathmandu, the Solu Khumbu region eight hours by road east of Kathmandu and the Annapurna region, six hours by road or 25 minute flight west of Kathmandu. Of the three trekking regions, the Annapurna region offers the widest variety of species. The region is also easily accessible.
The Annapurna Conservation Area: To set the scene a little, the Annapurna region is a Conservation Area is the largest and most protected region in the World (ACAP), covering around 7629 sq km towards the north-central region of Nepal. The Kali Gandaki River runs north to south through this region, the world deepest gorge, and some 6000m below the highest peaks of ACAP. Central Annapurna and Dhaulagiri massifs, seven of these peak at over 7000m, the highest (Annapurna I) at 8091m. A few facts and figures above, but as you can imagine, the ACA therefore supports a remarkable but delicate biodiversity, with 441 recorded species of birds (so far), including the only endemic species of Nepal, the Spiny Babbler (Turdoides Nepalensis). Bird habitat ranges from the sub-tropical lowlands towards Pokhara in the south of ACA to dry sub-alpine conditions above the tree-line towards the north. The Kali Gandaki valley is also a major migration pathway in the autumn, when 40 species, including Demoiselle Cranes (Anthropoides virgo), can be seen around Jomosom and Tukche. Happily this coincides with one of the two trekking seasons (spring and autumn). Migrating west about this time further south around Kaare and Dhampus are about 20 identified species of eagle and other birds of prey. The most commonly observed are: Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture), known as the Giddha in Nepal, it frequently occurs at 4100m. Golden Eagle (Aquila Cryaetos) are known as Baaj in Nepal. There are six Himalayan pheasants to be found in ACA: Himalayan The Monal Lophophorus impejanus Tragopan satyra (Crimson Horned Pheasant), Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus), Koklass Pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha), Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii), Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelana) are the most commonly occurring of Nepali pheasants.
Around Pokhara, you can find 463 species of birds. For the short visitor, we Aroma Nepal Treks and Expedition will arrange short bird watching tour programs in International Mountain Museum (IMM), Hemja forest, Raniban Forest, Thulakot, Begnas – Rupa lake area for about 3-5 hrs duration of the tour programs.
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